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Agarta Cave Hotel. Aydinli Cave Hotel. Ab-u Hayat Cave Suites. Evrim Otel. Go eat. Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. CanCan Cafe Restaurant.
Seyyah Han. Kalvari restaurant. Aravan Evi Restaurant. Sakli Konak Restaurant. No: 10 Restaurant. Can Baba Kofte Salonu. Akdeniz Kebap Salonu.
Go play. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. Uchisar Castle. Goreme Open-Air Museum. Church Of St. But Ariarathes , a Persian aristocrat, somehow became king of the Cappadocians.
The kingdom of Cappadocia lived in peace until the death of Alexander. The previous empire was then divided into many parts, and Cappadocia fell to Eumenes.
Persian colonists in the Cappadocian kingdom, cut off from their co-religionists in Iran proper, continued to practice Zoroastrianism.
Strabo , observing them in the first century BC, records XV. The kings henceforward threw in their lot with the Republic as against the Seleucids , to whom they had been from time to time tributary.
The imbroglio which followed his death ultimately led to interference by the rising power of Pontus and the intrigues and wars which ended in the failure of the dynasty.
In the civil wars Cappadocia was first for Pompey , then for Caesar , then for Antony , and finally, Octavian.
The underground cities have vast defence networks of traps throughout their many levels. These traps are very creative, including such devices as large round stones to block doors and holes in the ceiling through which the defenders may drop spears.
In , Cappadocia was the largest province of the Roman Empire, and was part of the Diocese of Pontus. The city was in distress and there was no source of assistance The hardest part of all such distress is the insensibility and insatiability of those who possess supplies Such are the buyers and sellers of corn He gathered together the victims of the famine Such was our young furnisher of corn, and second Joseph This is similar to another account by Gregory of Nyssa that Basil "ungrudgingly spent upon the poor his patriomny even before he was a priest, and most of all in the time of the famine, during which [Basil] was a ruler of the Church, though still a priest in the rank of presbyters; and afterwards did not hoard even what remained to him".
In , the western part of the Cappadocia province was divided into Cappadocia Prima, with its capital at Caesarea modern-day Kayseri ; and Cappadocia Secunda, with its capital at Tyana.
The Cappadocian Fathers of the 4th century were integral to much of early Christian philosophy. It also produced, among other people, another Patriarch of Constantinople , John of Cappadocia , who held office — For most of the Byzantine era it remained relatively undisturbed by the conflicts in the area with the Sassanid Empire, but was a vital frontier zone later against the Muslim conquests.
From the 7th century, Cappadocia was divided between the Anatolic and Armeniac themes. In the 9th—11th centuries, the region comprised the themes of Charsianon and Cappadocia.
Cappadocia shared an always-changing relationship with neighbouring Armenia , by that time a region of the Empire.
The Arab historian Abu Al Faraj asserts the following about Armenian settlers in Sivas , during the 10th century: "Sivas, in Cappadocia, was dominated by the Armenians and their numbers became so many that they became vital members of the imperial armies.
These Armenians were used as watch-posts in strong fortresses, taken from the Arabs. They distinguished themselves as experienced infantry soldiers in the imperial army and were constantly fighting with outstanding courage and success by the side of the Romans in other words Byzantine".
This immigration was increased further after the decline of the local imperial power and the establishment of the Crusader States following the Fourth Crusade.
To the crusaders, Cappadocia was "terra Hermeniorum," the land of the Armenians, due to the large number of Armenians settled there.
Following the Battle of Manzikert in , various Turkish clans under the leadership of the Seljuks began settling in Anatolia.
With the rise of Turkish power in Anatolia, Cappadocia slowly became a tributary to the Turkish states that were established to the east and to the west; some of the population converted to Islam [ citation needed ] with the remainder forming the Cappadocian Greek population.
By the end of the early 12th century, Anatolian Seljuks had established their sole dominance over the region.
With the decline and the fall of the Konya -based Seljuks in the second half of the 13th century, they were gradually replaced by the Karaman -based Beylik of Karaman , who themselves were gradually succeeded by the Ottoman Empire over the course of the 15th century.
Cappadocia remained part of the Ottoman Empire for the centuries to come, and remains now part of the modern state of Turkey. This dialect of Greek is known as Cappadocian Greek.
Following the population exchange between Greece and Turkey , the language is now only spoken by a handful of the former population's descendants in modern Greece.
The area is a popular tourist destination, as it has many areas with unique geological, historic, and cultural features. The region is located southwest of the major city Kayseri , which has airline and railway service to Ankara and Istanbul and other cities.
From above, the curvaceous landscape of Cappadocia spools out to the horizon in rippling waves of rock tinged shades of blushing pink.
Hot air ballooning…. Cappadocia, a dreamy slice of central Turkey dotted with 'fairy chimneys' rock formations , has a history every bit as remarkable as its landscape….
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Güllüdere Rose Valley Göreme Area. Margarita Rosa de Francisco. Mario Zaragoza. Mitzi Mabel Cadena. Moises Arizmendi. Octavio Castro.
Paloma Woolrich. Roberto Sosa. Wendy de los Cobos. Yolanda Abud. Excavations at the modern town of Kültepe have uncovered the remains of the Hittite-Assyrian city of Kanesh, dating from the 3rd millennium bce.
The tens of thousands of clay tablets recovered from the remains of an Assyrian merchant colony at Kanesh are among the oldest written documents discovered in Turkey.
Because of its rugged terrain and modest agricultural output, the area remained underdeveloped in antiquity, with only a few significant cities.
Alexander the Great bypassed Cappadocia but sent troops under his general Perdiccas bce. Cappadocia transferred its allegiance to Rome after the Roman victory at Magnesia bce and remained faithful despite the Pontic and Armenian attacks of the 1st century bce.
Cappadocia was retained as a Roman client state until Emperor Tiberius annexed it in 17 ce for its command over strategic passes in the Taurus Mountains.
The region had early contact with Christianity. The Acts of the Apostles reports that Cappadocian Jews were present in Jerusalem during the descent of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost Acts , and the First Epistle of Peter mentions Cappadocia among the persecuted Christian communities of Asia Minor 1 Peter In the 4th century three Cappadocian theologians—Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Nazianzus—made important contributions to Christian thought in their writings, refuting Arianism and elaborating on the doctrine of the Trinity.
Raids by tribal groups in the 5th century spurred the construction of heavier fortifications in the area. Arab raids into Cappadocia commenced in the 7th century and continued into the 10th.