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EU – Island, Liechtenstein und NorwegenNorwegen ist kein Mitglied der Europäische Union. Informationen und Wissenswertes warum Norwegen den EU-Beitritt bislang ablehnt und dennoch eng mit ihr. Hilfe und Ratschläge zum Leben, Arbeiten und Reisen in der EU. Kontaktstellen für Bürger - Norwegen. Rund 90 Prozent der norwegischen Erdölförderung werden auf dem EU-Markt verkauft. Norwegen ist der zweitgrößte Erdgaslieferant der Europäischen Union.
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Norway was a founding member of the European Free Trade Association EFTA in , which was originally set up as an alternative to the European Economic Community EEC , the main predecessor of the EU.
Norway had considered joining both the EEC and the European Union, but opted to decline following referendums in and According to the European Social Survey conducted in , Norway's trade is dominated by the EU, and Norway is the EU's fifth most important import partner.
The EEA agreement grants Norway access to the EU's single market. According to Norway's Foreign Affairs NOU p. This arrangement facilitates free movement of goods, capital, services and people between the EU and EFTA members including Norway.
Joining the European Union as a full member would eliminate these fees and lead to lower food prices in Norway. This is opposed by farmers and the fishing industry as it would create additional competition for domestic producers.
Norway has been granted participation rights save voting rights in several of the Union's programmes, bodies and initiatives.
Whether or not the country should apply for full membership has been one of the most dominant and divisive issues in modern Norwegian political debate.
Norway's total financial contribution linked to the EEA agreement consists of contributions related to the participation in these projects, and part made available to development projects for reducing social and economic disparities in the EU EEA and Norway Grants.
The EEA EFTA participation is hence on an equal footing with EU member states. The total EEA EFTA commitment amounts to 2.
In , Norway applied for membership in the European Economic Community EEC with fellow EFTA members Ireland, Denmark, and the United Kingdom having applied to join the previous year.
When France rebuffed the United Kingdom's application the following year, accession negotiations with Norway and the other countries were also suspended because of the strong economic ties between them.
This happened again in Norway completed its negotiations for the terms to govern a Norwegian membership in the EEC on 22 January Following an overwhelming parliamentary majority in favour of joining the EEC in early , the government decided to put the question to a popular referendum , scheduled for September 24 and Norway entered into a trade agreement with the Community following the outcome of the referendum.
That trade agreement remained in force until Norway joined the European Economic Area on 1 January On 28 November , a second referendum was held, narrowing the margin but yielding the same result: Norway was an associate member of the Western European Union until the organisation terminated in Norway's application for EU membership has been frozen but not withdrawn.
It could be resumed at any time following renewed domestic political will, as happened in the case of Malta.
A major issue for Norway is its fishing resources, which are a significant part of the national economy and which would come under the Common Fisheries Policy if Norway were to accede to the EU.
Norway has high GNP per capita, and would have to pay a high membership fee. The country has a limited amount of agriculture, and few underdeveloped areas, which means that Norway would receive little economic support from the EU.
However, as of [update] , Norway has chosen to opt in to many EU projects and since its total financial contribution linked to the EEA agreement consists of contributions related to the participation in these projects, and a part made available to development projects for reducing social and economic disparities in the EU EEA and Norway Grants ,   its participation is on an equal footing with that of EU member states.
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Did you know the following facts about Norway? News Norway and the EU The EEA Agreement Cooperation EEA and Norway Grants About the Mission Useful information.
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Europäische Nachbarschaftspolitik und anderes. Übergangsphase nach Austritt. Europäische Zwergstaaten. Nördliche Dimension.
Norway and the EU share the same fundamental values, and face many of the same challenges. Close cooperation at political level is essential to find joint solutions to these challenges.
Elisabeth Aspaker is responsible for coordinating work on EEA matters and Norway's relations with the EU in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Aspaker is also Minister of Nordic Cooperation. Download as PDF Printable version. Brussels de facto. Global cities . Supranational parliamentary democracy based on the European treaties .
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Norway portal Other countries. Labour Party. Cooperation, influence in EU decisions. Conservative Party. Peace, stability, solidarity, influence.
Progress Party. For [a]. Bureaucracy, regulations; renegotiate EEA. Centre Party. Sovereignty; withdraw EEA. Socialist Left Party. Workers' rights, undemocratic; withdraw EEA.
Liberal Party. Trade, diversity, peace, democracy. Christian Democratic Party. EEA sufficient. Green Party.Central African technology group. A common theme of both "no" campaigns was that the EU was not democratic enough, did not promote fair trade and did not reflect Norway's high Doctor Sleeps. Security Strategy Everything Google Now Aktivieren Arms Security and Defence Policy Enlargement. Namespaces Article Talk. Norwegian ideas.